How to determine that the thyroid gland began to falter? When in our body there are violations, we can notice these or other symptoms that interfere with us to lead a normal life.
Unfortunately, very often we do not attach due importance to these symptoms, writing off their to display each person familiar problems: colds, indigestion
But often the cause of sickness is something else - namely, violations of the thyroid gland works. In this case, the problem requires more attention.
When the work of this body there are violations, our body begins to react to those failures in a certain way.
The thyroid gland - a small organ that resembles a butterfly in shape, is located in front of the man's neck. Its main function - the production of hormones that regulate various processes of human life, such as metabolism, growth, heart rate and other vital functions.
Despite the fact that many of the symptoms and may indicate other health problems in humans, it is known that about 10% of the world population suffer from one or other irregularities in the thyroid gland.
Women are more likely than men face problems in the thyroid gland. This is especially true of women after 40 years, and recently underwent a pregnancy.
Disorders of the thyroid gland give rise to problems such as:
Hyperthyroidism. In this case, the gland produces more hormones than necessary man.
Hypothyroidism. Under this disorder means insufficient amount of hormones.
In both cases, the process involved is the human immune system: the body begins to produce antibodies that disrupt the proper functioning of thyroid gland.
To detect these violations, you must look closely at the physical and emotional state.
Each of the disorders accompanied by certain symptoms. These symptoms usually causes the patient to seek help from a medical specialist.
If you suspect irregularities in the thyroid gland doctor feels the patient's neck. Also it is prescribed blood tests to determine the level of TSH and other thyroid hormones.
The most important thing - to properly diagnose and choose treatment. If the diagnosis is confirmed, the patient is required to make some changes in your lifestyle. Also, it is assigned a treatment that allows to control the level of hormones.
Symptoms of hyperthyroidism
When the thyroid gland person produces more hormones than is necessary to maintain the life of the organism, we are talking about hyperthyroidism. As a result, it increased metabolic index.
As a result of these processes, the patient faces symptoms such as:
Increased heart rate.
Increased blood pressure.
Nervous tension, anxiety, insomnia.
Increased appetite and rapid weight loss.
Fragile and weakened hair and nails.
Excessive sweating, increased sensitivity to high temperatures.
Irregular menstrual cycle.
Frequent urge to defecate.
Symptoms of hypothyroidism
Hypothyroidism bothers people is 4 times more common than hyperthyroidism. This disorder is due to decreased production of thyroid hormones necessary.
If you have hypothyroidism, the person may experience symptoms such as:
Weakness and chronic fatigue.
Loss of appetite and weight gain.
Increased blood pressure.
Xolodnye and dry skin.
Dry and thin hair, brittle nails.
Difficulties with memory and attention.
Slowed movement and speech.
Pain in the joints.
Lethargy and somnolence.
How do I know that the thyroid gland is not in order?
In addition to the symptoms of which we spoke above, there is another simple way to detect irregularities in the thyroid gland. Such a survey you will be able to spend at home with the help of a mirror.
How to do it?
Take the mirror and focus attention on the lower part of the front of the neck, in the area between the clavicle and the vocal cords.
Tilt your head back and take a glass of water. Drink it carefully peering into the thyroid gland location.
If during swallowing water in this area there is a seal, or bulge, consult a doctor.
If the symptoms do not disappear mentioned above, it is necessary to see a specialist. The endocrinologist will prescribe special treatment.
If you have been diagnosed with disorders in the thyroid gland, it is necessary to reconsider your lifestyle and correct some habits. This will prevent further deterioration.
Thyroid and food
For the production of hormones the thyroid gland needs iodine. Deficiency of this substance can cause disturbances in the work of this body.
Pay attention to food containing iodine:
Cheese and milk.
In order to be fully confident in the use of these products for the health in your case, it is advisable to consult a dietitian.