Doctors told how to get rid of the addiction to sugary and fatty

In the chilly cold weather, we often feel sad and to cheer up the easiest way with the help of something tasty and sweet. We'll tell you how to once and for all get rid of this bad habit.

WHY BRAIN "forced" to eat fatty and sugary foods

What unites modern inhabitant metropolis, and primitive man, who lived hundreds of thousands of years ago? Eating habits! The roots of craving fatty and sweet foods to be found in our distant past.

Despite the fact that the image of a person's life has changed dramatically enough, evolutionary program still has a strong influence on him. For example, the daily caloric needs of primitive man was about 4000 calories for women and 5000-6000 kcal for men. These high energy costs have been fully justified. After all, our ancestors were extremely mobile: hunting, engaged in gathering and sometimes took a day more than 30 km. The easiest way to provide themselves with "fuel" - the use of sweet and fatty foods. That is why such a meal is the most attractive for our brain, says Mihail Gavrilov, psychotherapist.

Lifestyle of modern urban residents is not so active, but still the memory of ancestors makes itself felt every time we experience the feeling of hunger. The first thing that comes to mind - to eat something sweet or salty.

In principle, in nature there is no harmful products, they become such only if we use them excessively. Of course, we can not have large amounts of sweet and fat, because our daily energy are not so great. Moreover, modern fat and sweet food is very different from the one that ate our predecessor. It is one thing to eat a piece of red meat, the other - a product with gidroginezirovannym fat. You can feast on sweet berries, and it is possible - with refined sugar cookies. Taste, like, one, but the impact on the health and psyche completely different

Both sweet and fatty foods affects the nervous system?

The food a person's behavior is regulated, including, and the so-called reward system - a complex network of neurons, which is responsible for pleasure. Often, it was she who causes a person to want something very badly by any means to achieve its goals. One of the promoters of this system is sweet and fatty foods. It has a so-called palatability - stimulates the appetite and makes us eat more.

Food manufacturers are well aware that it is sweet and fat is the most desirable for consumers, and actively enjoy these flavors for production of fast food, dairy products, snacks, confectionery products.

What happens when we eat food with similar tastes? Nerve cells flavoring apparatus sensing sweetness or fat, to provide a signal generation opioids including endorphins - chemical compounds produced in the brain and bringing pleasure. Besides these substances reduce pain and stress, at least for a time. For many people, food is the most accessible source of pleasant emotions. That is why so often overeating becomes a habit.

Surely you have met people who have enough to eat a piece of candy or cookies. And sometimes vice versa, and some pack enough The Phenomenon of this behavior is associated with the development of control systems, located in the brain, particularly the frontal lobes of his. If it is active, all other structures of the brain are in balance. In this case, a person is able to move away from the tray with sweets, to give up fatty and fried potato cake. If the balance in the brain structures not difficult for us to "hit the brakes" and to manage their eating behavior. Often the activity of the cortex of the frontal lobes of the brain is reduced in case of injury, poor sleep, alcohol abuse, attention deficit disorder.

HOW TO RESIST EVOLUTIONARY cravings for sweet and fatty?

If you balance the activity of different brain calving, then consider a half-case is already made. You will get control over their behavior and reduce the degree of food addiction.

Getting enough sleep - at least 7-8 hours, it will support an adequate blood circulation in the brain.

Maintain a stable blood sugar level. To do this, eat often and little. Self-control system fails more often if the sugar level in the blood is low. Raise it at the expense of complex carbohydrates, lean proteins and healthy fats.

Pay tribute to the physical activity. In Japan, conducted a study showing that 10 minutes sessions ping-pong significantly increase the supply of the frontal lobes of the brain with oxygen and nutrients.

Put clear goals. The frontal cortex is involved in planning and forecasting - her clear instructions are needed.

Do not forget about the daily pleasures for yourself. They should not be associated with food. It can be work, sports, crafts, and body treatments. The main thing is to give them at least 15-20 minutes a day!