5 important facts about cholesterol, which you do not suspect
Sometimes high cholesterol becomes a surprise to us. How could this happen if you always eat right, and do not suffer from excess weight?
When it comes to cholesterol, people tend to believe in the huge number of different myths. Cholesterol does not depend on the age and overweight, and although one might think.
This secret enemy of our heart appears out of nowhere and when you least expect it. Unfortunately, we do not suspect about it until it's too late: heart failure or heart attack.
It is important to be screened regularly from the doctor, regardless of score marks 2040 or 60 years. That is why it is very important to take care of prevention, to learn as much as possible about the disease and do not confuse it with other diseases with similar symptoms.
Do not forget that today the main cause of death are cardiovascular disease.
The experts picked up a number of interesting facts that you may find useful.
1. Where does the cholesterol?
We used to hear everywhere about the dangers of cholesterol, but do not even know what it is and where it came from.
Cholesterol itself is not bad. Only an excess is harmful for the body, but by itself Cholesterol - a type of fat, which is very important for the proper functioning of our body cells.
Once the cholesterol becomes too high, in our arteries, it becomes too much, and our health is threatened.
Cholesterol is produced by our own bodies, and more specifically, by the liver. We also get cholesterol from food.
It is important to control the consumption of food with high cholesterol, especially the children.
2. "Good" and "bad" cholesterol
We often hear about the "good" and "bad" cholesterol. The secret is to maintain a balance between them, and never exceed the level of "bad" cholesterol (LDL) in the 200 mg /dL.
"Good" cholesterol (HDL) is moved away from the arteries to the liver where it is broken down. If the level slightly above 200 mg /dL, nothing terrible will happen.
"Bad" cholesterol should never exceed this figure.
LDL is transported from the liver to the internal organs to restore the cell membranes.
If they become too much, they accumulate in the body and harmful to our health.
3. Cholesterol and genetic component
Familial hypercholesterolemia - it is a real illness that can not be ignored. This disorder is inherited from parents to children and may, for example, cause a heart attack at an early age.
That is why it is very important to consult with your doctor if your parents suffer from high levels of cholesterol in the blood.
Familial hypercholesterolemia is associated with a defect of the 19th chromosome. It is this small defect does not allow our body excrete bad LDL cholesterol from the blood, until he had accumulated in large enough quantities.
Familial hypercholesterolemia is not it easy to reduce blood cholesterol levels, but fortunately, the treatment can give a pretty good result.
This disease can lead to heart attack a person under the age of 40 years. If you do not do regular testing of cholesterol levels in the blood, it can lead to death.
4. Plant sterols and cholesterol
Some people think that taking drugs based on plant sterols, they can lower blood cholesterol levels.
Doctors say: plant sterols to help, but they do not work.
If every day to consume from 1.5 to 2.4 g of product with phytosterols, we reduce blood cholesterol levels by 10.7% after three weeks.
To balance the blood cholesterol level, you need to hit it right on all fronts.
5. Mere proper nutrition enough
There are plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables is not enough if, for example, we will continue to smoke. There is less sugar and saturated fats and not enough if our weight is still higher than normal.
When cholesterol plaques are hard, our arteries become much more difficult to restore inner balance.
Proper nutrition is necessary to supplement the exercise, physical activity and avoiding harmful habits.
Quit smoking, lead an active lifestyle and follow calorie consumption.
Be sure to consult on this issue with your doctor. If you monitor the level of cholesterol in the blood, your life will be much more pleasant.