Pasta, red meat, potatoes, bread and beer. Terrible dream of those who want to start eating right and sits on a diet. But whether these products are harmful, as they say to us? Or is it the next error, do not stand up to scrutiny? Says the expert.
Harm. This vegetable is a high glycemic index - up to 90 units, which means that when the use of potatoes in your blood sugar levels dramatically jumps. In addition, according to research by Harvard scientists, among fans of potatoes over time appears overweight - it does not matter what you prefer: chips, jacket potatoes or mashed potatoes.
Benefit. One hundred grams of potato - a set of daily aminokisklot, potassium, phosphorus, and vitamins C, B, and vegetable fibers. In addition, vegetables contain resistant starch, which improves intestinal microflora and, according to some sources, it helps the body burn fat. The last statement, however, contradicts the Harvard study, but we know that with weight loss, as in everything, the main thing - in moderation.
Harm. Flour products, oversaturated carbohydrates, often faster. Most pasta no vitamins, no fat, no good.
Benefit. Pasta made from durum wheat, on the contrary, contain fiber, B vitamins and easily absorbed by the body. These foods are rich in complex carbohydrates, and therefore, will be a good fuel for the body. It is no accident pasta - the main menu of most athletes. A wholegrain pasta - the basis of the Mediterranean diet.
Harm. Heart problems, diabetes, oncology salmonellosis, and even - that's what awaits those, this product is present in whose menu. Opponents pay attention to the high fat and cholesterol content in eggs, as well as the depressing conditions of laying hens on farms.
Benefit. Eggs - one of the most vitamin-rich foods. For example, they contain vitamins D and K, which serve to strengthen bones. Or choline, which regulates insulin levels and improve metabolism. Eggs - second product after milk content leucine amino acid in the structure of the muscles involved. Moreover, the eggs can permanently block the feeling of hunger. The main thing - do not eat them too much (three per day is more than enough).
And what about cholesterol? Contained in eggs, he does not cause heart disease and increase even cholesterol. However, those who have diabetes, yet it is not necessary to use a day more than one egg.
Harm. Bread, particularly white, increases blood sugar levels faster than candies and chocolates. And then, when blood sugar plummets, you start to feel hungry again, as if nothing had eaten. In addition, the bread - it's gluten (gluten lot!), Which is not absorbed by some people. To complete the picture in the product is added to many other harmful ingredients: salt (crackers), sugar (croissants and pastries), saturated fats.
Benefit. Whole grain bread - it is fiber, which helps digestion, and lactic acid, which enhances the immune system, as well as vitamins A and K. Two or three pieces of wholemeal bread a day, according to various sources, help reduce the risk of diseases such as heart attack, type 2 diabetes , obesity, high blood pressure and colon cancer.
Harm. Red meat is one of the main triggers of cancer. Regular consumption of red meat may also lead to heart problems, 85 grams of this product per day increases the risk of death by 13% and 42% increases the risk of diabetes of the second type.
Benefit. However, when talking about the dangers of red meat have in mind processed foods: sausages, hot dogs, greasy burgers. While unprocessed red meat - lamb, beef, pork - a major source of iron (from a deficit of this element affects up to two-thirds of the population) and protein. The product also contains zinc, vitamin D and B12 pantothenic acid, which is used for the prevention of heart disease and arthritis.
"If you like red meat, do not abandon it, - says Charlotte Stirling Reed (Charlotte Stirling-Reed), a nutritionist, an expert on child nutrition. - It is important to keep an eye on portion sizes and to arrange a couple of fasting days a week, when the protein you will not get from meat, but, for example, beans and nuts. "
Harm. Frequent consumption of wine can lead to sexual dysfunction in men. Women who regularly drank three glasses of wine, half a year tend to increase the dose in half (as alcoholism begins). Red wine worsens the condition of the skin, especially if the person is prone to acne and rashes. For more than three glasses of wine exacerbate anxiety and depression.
Benefit. Red wine increases the body's resistance to infection. A glass of red or white wine while eating kills dangerous microbes that may be present in the dish. Wine improves brain function, especially in people over 50 years (the French scientists found that older women who drank two glasses of wine a day performed better at tests than their non-drinking peers). In addition, the wine - the most pleasant prevention of heart disease. However, it is important to remember about the dosage: useful considered no more than two glasses of wine.
Harm. Tannins contained in the drink, - the reason for the yellow plaque on the teeth. Coffee lovers are more likely to complain of skin problems: dry, early or deep wrinkles, acne. More than one cup of coffee a day can cause abortion in early pregnancy; 400 milligrams of caffeine (about 4 cups of strong coffee) can lead to sleep problems, and 10-13 grams of caffeine - to kill (though this will have to drink 23 liters of coffee at a time). From indirect harm: sugar, cream, syrups, which are so fond of adding to the beverage, raise the calorie coffee (many coffee drinks contain more than half of daily calories) and ultimately lead to overweight.
Benefit. Coffee - prevention of cancer (for example, it is 20% reduces the risk of prostate cancer in men and a quarter - the risk of cervical cancer in women). Drink - source of magnesium and potassium (the lack of these elements in the body leads to a decline in strength, headache, and weight gain). Two or three cups of coffee per day, improves brain function and reduce the risk of Alzheimer's disease. Caffeine - an antioxidant that protects the body from free radicals.
Harm. Beer belly, heard? A beer, he's home, alcoholism, when no bottle of beer is difficult to imagine an evening leisure time? The drink also sharpens the appetite: so a foam so well are chicken wings, snacks, chips. Moreover, the beer - this is a great burden on the heart, kidneys and liver.
Benefit. Scientists have found that moderate consumption of beer supporters live 19% longer than those who did not drink at all. Beer hops contain xanthohumol - an antioxidant fighting free radicals. The beer contains not so many calories, it's nice to be considered (in fact, even in orange juice more calories than beer). And as a bonus - in the frothy drink a lot of vitamins: "If you read carefully the composition of good beer, you'd be surprised how many useful elements in it", - says Dr. Stefan Domenig (Stephan Domenig), director of the Austrian Mayr Health Centre.
In general, experts emphasize: that in moderation - drug in unlimited - poison. Try to strike a balance and stick to the golden mean in everything, especially in the diet.