Because diabetes is necessary to follow a diet, constantly monitor the level of blood sugar, take medications on time and experience, as if the disease is not brought to a coma, blindness or amputation of the legs. But with diabetes can live active. The main thing - do not missed the beginning of the disease.
For 25 years the number of adults with diabetes has increased four times. In a world of more than 400 million diabetics. The number of adults with diabetes has grown around the world for 35 years, four times.
What is diabetes and how it happens
Diabetes - a chronic disease, which is associated with metabolic disorders, namely insulin. Insulin - a hormone which affects carbohydrate metabolism and on how the glucose absorbed from food. This guide, without which no glucose gets into the cells of the body. That is not to feed them, and will remain in the blood, disrupting the nervous tissue and organs.
Diabetes is different. WHO Newsletter:
Type I diabetes, insulin. It develops when the body produces no insulin. The hormone is not enough, so you need to enter it from the outside. This type of diabetes usually diagnosed in children and adolescents, and say exactly what triggers the disease, no one can.
Type II diabetes, insulin-independent. In this case, insulin is produced, but the body can not use it. It is the most common type of diabetes, which largely depends on lifestyle.
Gestational diabetes. It manifested in pregnant women.
Symptoms of diabetes
Symptoms of diabetes are slightly different depending on its type. Common complaints:
Constant thirst, per day consumed more than three liters of water.
Often to the bathroom, especially at night.
There is a growing appetite but weight drops (in the early stages).
Wounds heal slowly.
Constant fatigue, memory deteriorates.
In diabetes, the first type of breath smells like acetone, the skin peels off. Such diabetes may occur abruptly, accompanied by bouts of headache and vomiting, and even to bring to a coma, especially if early signs of nobody zametil3 type 1 diabetes in children and adolescents: etiopathogenesis, clinical features, treatment.
the second type of diabetes is often overlooked until it leads to other difficulties: problems with potency, vision loss, kidney disease, heart attack.
Who gets diabetes.
You can not understand that a person is sick with diabetes of the first type, the body is not disturbed carbohydrate metabolism and does not appear the first symptoms: fatigue, weakness, sweating, changes in the analyzes.
Type II diabetes usually affects people who are overweight and low activity so that it can be partially insured: follow the diet and physical activity.
Factors that increase the risk of diabetes of any type:
Hereditary predisposition. If sick relatives, the chances of diabetes identified above.
Disorders of the pancreas. This insulin is produced in it, and if the body is not in order, and the hormone may be a problem.
Diseases of the endocrine system. Diabetes - hormonal disturbance. If there is a predisposition to diseases, and the risk of diabetes is.
Viral infections. Chicken pox, rubella, mumps, and even flu can be a trigger for diabetes.
How to check and protect yourself
If suspicious symptoms to come to the doctor-endocrinologist and deliver the required tests. Fasting blood from a finger (sugar) content on urine glucose tolerance test glucose determination insulin, C-peptide and the glycated hemoglobin in the blood (the last three pass analysis of the vein). These surveys enough to detect signs of diabetes and understand what type of disease.
If obvious signs of diabetes is not present, but you are at risk, donate blood sugar every year. Healthy people need to take the survey every three years.
To consciously not drive themselves at risk, you need a little:
Maintain a healthy weight.
Engage in physical activity at least half an hour a day.
There is less sugar and saturated fats.
Do not smoke.