Throat cancer occurs not only due to smoking. This malignant tumor, which appears in the throat or larynx may be associated with excessive sun exposure, or human papilloma virus (HPV).
This type of cancer affects mainly people over 50 years.
With the average life expectancy is increasing and increasing incidence of throat cancer. Most often the disease occurs in men.
It is important to know the early symptoms and to keep in mind that what seems "simple" herpes, ulcers, inflammation of the throat, it may be one of the signs of a dangerous disease.
Many believe that throat cancer is only in smokers, but it is not. Ill with this disease can and nonsmokers.
It is important to be aware of its early symptoms that can help detect the disease at an early stage.
In most cases, the throat, or larynx cancer develops as a carcinoma.
This seal on the surface of the mucous membrane (skin), covered with a thin flat scales. That is, they are not very similar to ordinary sores.
People with weak immune systems, accustomed to infections of the mouth, sores in the mouth and bleeding gums, often perceive symptoms of throat cancer, larynx like his usual "sores".
But the doctor during the inspection of the oral cavity can detect these symptoms.
Then, a biopsy is performed, which gives a precise answer to the question - is this type of cancer or not.
Let's get acquainted with the details of its main symptoms.
Changes in the oral cavity
At an early stage of oral cancer in the mouth there are small sores that do not heal.
In the area of ??language, on the gums and even on the lips appear reddish or white spots.
Any unusual changes in the mouth that do not disappear within a few days, you should discuss with your doctor.
Pain, which is increasingly becoming over time.
Typically, when this disease are pain when chewing and swallowing. If the patient has dentures, he notices that they, too, begin to cause pain, gums begin to bleed.
Speaking also becomes painful.
It hurts to move the tongue and even touch the jaw.
Pain may occur in the ears.
Sensation of a lump in the throat
If it is difficult to swallow, burning sensation in the area of ??the tonsils and sometimes cough cough blood, in any case can not leave these symptoms are ignored.
Often these symptoms are not associated with any serious disease, and tumor - when she appeared in the throat - may be benign.
But in any case it is important as soon as possible to establish the diagnosis, so we need to give serious consideration to these symptoms.
Weight loss, for which there is little reason
Cancer usually cause weight loss. In cancer of the throat, patients often no longer feel hunger, and they often can not properly chew.
In addition, much weakened immune defense of the body, because of this, too, the person loses weight.
Is it possible to prevent throat cancer?
We have already written about the fact that none of the disease can not be prevented by 100%.
But if the disease could not be prevented, it is possible to some degree of control over its development to slow down and reduce its symptoms.
This type of cancer is associated with various factors:
Human papillomavirus (HPV). A variation of the virus associated with the development of cancer of the throat and larynx - HPV16 (VPH16).
Ultraviolet radiation. Lip cancer, for example, often people working space and is receiving large doses of sunlight.
Unbalanced diet and weak immune system.
Genetic diseases such as Fanconi anemia.
Knowing these risk factors and taking appropriate measures can greatly reduce the risk of disease.
To do this, you need to quit smoking, eat a varied and balanced, use sunscreen for skin and lip.
And it is important not to succumb to fear. For example, do not be afraid to consult a doctor-oncologist to get tested.
We must take the necessary precautions and always remember that taking care of your health can not be postponed "for later".