Due to the ice roads are transformed into a real ice rink. Since they were not sprinkled all reagents, the risk of injury is high, especially when the smooth surface of ice priporashivaet snow. From falling on a road no one is immune, but, according to experts, everyone has the power to take certain precautions.
? Try not to put on ice in high heels or shoes with wedge heels. Better to use flat shoes with a tread or so where fine pattern combined with a major.
? You may want to err and make anti-slip heels on boots, sticking plaster on the sole crosswise, put on shoes old socks, glue pieces of felt or sandpaper waterproof glue on the heels and soles, or buy special anti-slip pads - Frostwalker. They have a universal size and protect against falls.
? Elderly on slippery roads better use for the stability of a cane with a rubber tip, or stick with a pointed end.
? During the move on a smooth surface, avoid sudden movements. Walk slowly, legs and relax a little bend at the knees, stepping on the entire sole, the body with a little tilt forward.
? Do not talk on a cell phone, even if you have a headset - in ice, snow or a snowstorm, you must be the most focused.
? Do not keep your hands in your pockets - it increases the possibility of falls and serious injuries. Waving their arms in time to the walk - so you will be easier to keep your balance.
? If you slipped, try to sit down immediately, it helps you to stay on his feet or lower the height of the fall.
? In order to avoid fractures in the fall tighten your muscles and group, to reduce the force of impact. Better not to expose your arms forward and try to keep your legs together.
? Bypass metal manhole covers - as a rule, they are covered with ice.
? Before proceeding with the road better wait until the car will pass, and not to run across in front of her. In this case, you in the fall can not manage to get up and run the risk of becoming the cause of the accident.
Tips to motorists:
? First of all make sure that your car were tires with winter tread. This will help you feel more confident on the road. However, even on icy surfaces studded tires will not save you from skidding.
? Accelerate and decelerate slowly to avoid slipping.
? Increase the distance between the vehicles and refrain from risky maneuver, which at ice could lead to accidents.
? When approaching pedestrian crossings and places where they can appear on the way children, reduce speed to a minimum.
Trauma surgeon reminded that the studs and platforms better to reserve before the descent of the snow cover. Unfortunately, poorly chosen shoes, complete with bad retracted roads and sidewalks is still a major cause of falls and injuries.
Orthopaedic Trauma Parkhomchuk Alexander notes that people are injured in no way less in February than in other winter months.
Most often, patients come with a variety of spinal injuries caused by falling ice. It is also very common fractures of the radial bone in a typical place (the so-called turning point in the weakest part of the lower third of the bone). It occurs when a person instinctively rests the forearm, putting his hand in the fall. According to statistics, this change happens more often in women and in the elderly. In addition, in the list of common winter injuries - fractures and ankle sprains, fractures of the feet and legs.
What can we do to avoid becoming a victim of ice roads and poorly cleaned? Alexander Parkhomchuk prepared a few key tips from my own experience.
Adequately selected shoes - The main element of protection from falls, injuries and subsequent long-term stay in a cast. In late winter and early spring should not relax. During the day the sun can partially melt the snow cover, but in the morning a thin layer of water freezes again. On the resulting thin film of ice, which is almost invisible, there is a lot of falls and fractures. The doctor recommends to hold high-heeled shoes until the snow melts completely. Until that time, should give preference to shoes or boots with a good tread, preferably with a rubber or rubber soles.
Grouping during the fall. on the body grouping concentration and muscle tension during the fall can help to avoid the most serious injuries that occur in the fall on a straight arm, knee or tailbone. If you fall on its side, it is desirable that the impact of the land came to a maximum thigh area, buttocks and arms folded.
Good physical form. Strong muscles will certainly help to keep from falling, even when balance is lost. Therefore, physical activity in the winter season is prescribed as ever. Especially good in this respect of regular exercise for heating and stretching the muscles.
Calcium for bones. In advance of the season falls can be prepared by taking calcium supplements or correct power towards calcium products. Of course, this diet does not deliver us from falling, but will help to strengthen the bones and thus reduce the risk of fracture. It is advisable before taking to consult with a specialist who can help choose the best drug.
Attention and concentration. It is rare to see the fall of man, which is slowly and carefully crosses a dangerous, slippery section. More often than not fall, those who hurry and not paying enough attention to the road. Therefore, seeing the ice "obstacle" is best to slow down and look carefully at his feet, moving in small steps.
Failure to mobile. Talking on a cell or writing messages on the go - not the best idea in the ice. Nevertheless, many people are not ready to abandon the use of phones in the street, which causes loss of concentration and injury. The doctor recommends to have a habit of not to use the phone on the street, or at least do not do it on the go. By the way, this advice from the trauma is relevant not only in the winter season.
Especially dangerous falls and injuries for older people. Therefore, if you see an elderly person is difficult to pass a certain slippery site, remember that your help can not just protect it from falling, but also save lives.
If the fall had happened, then a visit to the doctor should not be delayed. According Parkhomchuk, patients often wait a few hours or the whole day, and only when the pain rises to unbearable, go to the doctor. Such a delay in obtaining skilled care, of course, does not increase the effectiveness of treatment.
To determine an accurate diagnosis must be conducted X-ray of the injured area, in some cases, require computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. The further treatment is carried out under the supervision of a specialist.