10 dangerous neurological diseases, inherited

It is no secret that many diseases are transmitted to us "inherited". And neurological here is no exception. What dangerous disorders of the nervous system can be imprinted genome? Said the expert.

Parkinson's disease

Often, the disease makes itself felt in the elderly. It is manifested by the rapid deterioration of motor activity, tremor of the arms and legs, slower reactions and movements. In addition, in this disease there is the development of depression, sometimes severe, and various violations of the intellect.


Dementia, as it is called, occurs in the elderly. The first signs of Alzheimer's disease - the deterioration of short-term memory, confusion. Later, there is irritability and aggression, and eventually disrupted the ability to speak and perceive it, there is attenuation of consciousness that leads to loss of bodily functions and death.

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

It is an incurable, progressive disease of the central nervous system, which the etiology is not solved until the end. In this disease the upper and lower motor neurons in the brain undergo degenerative disease, because of which there is paralysis and muscle atrophy. As a result of all these processes, the patient is rapidly dying from respiratory infections or respiratory muscle failure.

Chorea Huntington

This is one of the most complex diseases of the brain, which is also imprinted genommom and transmitted to new generations. The disease is characterized by mental disorders and uncontrolled impulsive movements. In severe stages of the disease symptoms such as hallucinations, unreasonable tantrums and fits of aggression, a complete disintegration of the personality, and it thus becomes meaningless and unintelligible.

Batten Disease

When this disease occurs lipopigmentov buildup in cells of the brain, eyes, skin and other tissues. The main symptoms are lack of coordination, muscle spasms, blurred vision or blindness, reduced muscle tone, mental disorders and mental retardation.


It is a chronic disorder of the nervous system and psyche, which can show itself in childhood and in adulthood. In most cases, patients with epilepsy do not have the intellectual disorders and destructive CNS disorders. The main risk of epilepsy is seizures that may occur at any time and cause of death.

Becker muscular dystrophy

These diseases are characterized by the violation of the voluntary muscles. Thus, the patient has no control on the motor due to nerve damage, spinal cord neurons or muscles directly. The signs of such diseases include weakness and muscle atrophy, numbness, cramps and spasms, pain and tingling in the muscles. The main danger of the disease lies in the defeat of the respiratory and swallowing functions.

Leigh syndrome

This disease is also known as subacute necrotizing encephalomyelopathy. Often, the disease manifests itself in early childhood - 1-2 years. Symptoms of the disease are optic atrophy, psychomotor retardation, muscle weakness, paralysis and deafness.

Disease Keneven

The disease affects the neurons in the brain. It appears still in its infancy - up to six months. In this disease there is growth retardation, loss of muscle tone, feeding problems and abnormal increase in the head. In most cases (about 70% of children) Kenevena disease die before the age of 10.


This disease is associated with the collapse of the mental and emotional processes. Its symptoms include hallucinations, delusions, impaired speech and performance. Patients with schizophrenia increases the risk of severe depression, which increases the risk of entrainment drugs or alcohol, and suicidal tendencies.