Dry Eye Syndrome: Causes and solutions

Causes of dry eye - weight: from computer work to allergies and even diseases. If you are often worried about burning, tingling or itching are likely to have dry eye syndrome.

It might surprise you, but one of the signs of dry eye syndrome is excessive tearing. Yes, it is contrary to common sense, but in essence, it is also indicative of a problem associated with dry eye. If you are constantly observed some of the symptoms, or you find that go into some of the risk groups outlined below - you probably have dry eye syndrome. How to choose the right treatment to get back to normal life and to protect the eyes from future damage?

Age has an effect

About 30% of people over age 50 have a problem with dry eyes, and those who are over 65 CCV meets more frequently. With age, your eyes more and more difficult to produce lacrimal fluid. Patency of the lacrimal ducts deteriorates over time, and the problem can cause inflammation, says Janet Cushing, doctor of optometry, optician Clinical University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health in Madison. Fortunately, in this case, the SSG treatment is simple.

Tablets, pregnancy, menopause

The majority of people who suffer from dry eye syndrome - women. After menopause, their eyes produce less tear fluid. Women with early menopause (40 years or less) and developing SSG at risk of damage to the cornea, if time does not begin treatment.

The cause of dry eye may become pregnant, the use of contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy (HRT).

Autoimmune diseases

Dry eye is associated with several different autoimmune disorders including lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma and Sjogren's syndrome. Diseases caused by disorders of the immune system, may cause an imbalance in the tear fluid. Another autoimmune disorder is a thyroid eye disease (ophthalmopathy thyroid gland), known as Graves' eye disease. But dry eyes - just one of many symptoms of the disease.

Find out whether you have one of these disorders - with the right treatment, you get rid of the SSG.

Prolonged sitting at the computer

Long sitting in front of a computer (with the tablet, playing video games or with a smartphone) and "dries" your eyes. The fact that you blink less, due to which the eye receives less lubrication. For normal moisture eyes need to blink on average 10-15 times per minute (roughly every 4 seconds), otherwise the tears evaporate faster and the eyes dry. CCV also can be associated with a long reading, driving, sewing and so on. N.

Contact lenses

Burning sensation and "sand in the eyes" may occur due to extended wear contact lenses. They contact with the lacrimal layer which envelops and protects the surface of the eye. If you feel discomfort, try to wear lenses less often alternating them with glasses.

Eye surgery

Almost everyone who had surgery for vision correction with an excimer laser, will experience eye dryness (discomfort usually takes 3-6 months). "Laser vision correction results in damage to the surface of the eye, which in turn can affect the production of tears," - says Cushing.

Dry eye syndrome can also be caused by other operations that affect the cornea, as well as cosmetic surgery on the eye century.

Side effects drugs.

Dry eye can be a side effect of the use of certain drugs, which may affect the performance of the tear fluid. This may be the pressure medications (diuretics and beta-blockers), hypnotics, antidepressants, sedatives, anesthetics, antihistamines and decongestants, and some medications used to treat acne and Parkinson's disease. If you can not replace a drug that causes SSG, use eyedrops with artificial tears to moisten the eyes.

The dry climate

Dry air outdoors and indoors can irritate your eyes. More likely to develop SSG those who live in a dry climate or at high altitudes. According to research, only 9% of those living in lower altitude (about 700 feet above sea level), reported on the problem of dry eyes. And among those who live at high altitude (more than 10 thousand. Ft above sea level), the problem of dry eye were observed in 20%.

The cause of dry eye may be air conditioning or heating unit. Also SSG problem you might encounter in an airplane or in the hospital. Other eye irritants can become wind, smoke, fumes from chemicals, and even sunlight.


Diabetes without proper treatments can cause polyneuropathy (a form of diabetic nerve damage), which also entails problems with the cornea of ??the eye you blink less often, tear fluid evaporates faster.

According to the research, three quarters of people with diabetes and nerve damage are SSG. In general, more than half of diabetics face dry eye.

Damaged nerves almost recovered, but as a preventative need to control blood sugar levels and apply special drops.

Vitamin A deficiency

Vitamin A deficiency can make up, adding to the diet of green leafy vegetables (broccoli), orange vegetables (sweet potatoes, carrots and pumpkin) and liver.

Studies have shown that adequate intake of omega-3 fats can reduce the symptoms of dry eye. Keep in the diet was fish (salmon and sardines) and walnuts.


Allergies and dry eyes - almost synonyms, especially in the case of seasonal allergies. How do I find specialists, dry eye is most common in the spring, especially in April when the highest concentration of pollen in the air. Also, the problem of dry eye peaks in winter. The study authors have linked this with the use of heating devices in premises.

Unfortunately, the majority of anti-allergy drugs also cause dry eyes.

Syndrome dry eye - it is really a serious problem. But if you just pay attention to it and take appropriate action, then save yourself from unwanted and sometimes serious consequences.