Oddly enough, it was at times gut brain dictates its own rules. It affects our feelings, emotions and thoughts. How does he do it and what to do to make friends with him? This tells Julie Anders, a young scientist and microbiologist, in his debut, but no less fascinating and useful book "Charming gut."
Intestine - our second brain
We tend to think that the most "intelligent" and versatile organ in our body is in the skull. In fact, our brain is not the only one who sets the rules of the game. The intestine is it healthy competition. Imagine - the number of nerve cells in the intestine and the stomach is around 100 million. This is more than in the spinal cord!
In the intestine, forming a plurality of peptide, protein forms that are directly related to brain activity.
Therefore, our health and emotions are closely linked with what is happening in our stomach.
In addition, it is the gut is the registering authority that observes the condition of our internal environment. And he does it all the time, while continuing to operate even when unconscious when lost due to the brain and spinal cord. And finally, the main advantage of the intestine - it is always at the epicenter of events.
Intestine knows every molecule of our last meal, curiously catches hormones from the bloodstream, the immune cells polls, how was their day, or overhears a suspicious buzzing intestinal bacteria. He can tell the brain things which, apart from him, no one has no idea!
Memory and emotions depend on the work intestine.
Daily intestine passes into the brain a huge amount of information about what is happening inside our body. These data are recorded in different regions of the brain. However, each department is not only recognition of such signals, but also takes part in the formation of the senses, memory, motivation, and even the principles of morality and ethics!
The fastest and reliable channel of communication between the brain and the gut is the so-called vagus nerve. Studies have shown that if you stimulate the nerve at different frequencies, it is possible to regulate the expression of feelings of fear or satisfaction, and thus fight depression and improve mood.
With intestinal we begin to explore the world
Just think - the first time after birth, while still a small child can not move independently, its own sense of "I" and the world around is formed only by the brain and the intestines Baby sleeps well, if with a tummy that's all right, is capricious and cries of hunger and blistering. Of course, with age, we begin to receive information about the surrounding area and with other sensory organs - eyes, ears, and skin. But the duo brain and intestines all also remains an effective instrument of control of our health, though it takes a lot of flexibility.
The intestine, which feels ill indirectly affect the state of the brain, and a healthy, normally functioning intestine contributes to a very good mood.
Irritable Bowel = stress and depression
Thanks to many nerve endings that serve as the brain of the intestine, the organ may be more independent. That is, it can solve some issues "on the ground". If eaten dinner is not a threat to health and life, the information about all its ongoing processes of digestion in the brain just does not come. But if the information from the gut brain qualifies as an important (and not only in a negative way), then it passes the brain and brings to our consciousness.
How is it related to stress and depression? It turns out that when the gut is irritated, these emotional expressions serve as markers of such a state.
Symptoms of Irritable Bowel:
- Pain, discomfort or bloating;
- Alternation of rare and frequent stools, a change in its consistency, the sharp urge to defecate;
- Nausea, feeling of a lump in the throat when swallowing food;
- In rare cases - a spasm of the muscles or joints, headaches, anxiety, depression.
Moreover, under stress from the outside, when the brain is aware of the problem and trying to solve it, it needs additional energy. The source of it is exactly the intestines. After receiving the distress signal from the brain it mobilizes its resources and reduces power consumption on digestion. If this situation persists for a long time, the intestine will be wrong - in such harsh conditions is easier to survive the bad bacteria, it thins mucous. As a result - fatigue, lethargy and depression.
Due to the stress we get from eating the minimum amount of energy, all the digestive process takes longer - the intestines are constantly overloaded.
By the way, 95% of serotonin - the so-called hormone happiness - is synthesized in the intestine. Hormone affects the bowel musculature and serves as a warning means. So if something is broken in his generation, the brain receives an alarm, which is why our mood worsens.
The intestine is very thin responds to the negative manifestations, both inside and in the environment. Violated his work appear irritation and discomfort that we begin to experience on a conscious level. And not always necessary to begin to solve the problem with the head. Sometimes it is enough to restore order in his stomach to return to a healthy and happy life.