Female patients with breast diseases every year becomes more and more, the first place in terms of - in breast cancer.
To learn how to easily and effortlessly protect yourself, says the surgeon, mammolog, oncologist, doctor of the highest category Yuri Ovsyannikov.
Keep the chest bruises
Injuries and bruises breast only in appearance may seem harmless, in fact, they can cause serious problems.
Even if it does not hurt after hitting the chest (as if there was a bruise, then walked quickly, and you do not bother), condensation can form on the site of impact. And it, in turn, develop into a tumor, including cancerous.
Therefore, the maximum protect the breast from bruises and injuries, especially when it is most likely: when doing certain sports, in transport and in areas where a lot of people.
Do not sunbathe topless
The attractiveness of cleavage depends on the smooth beautiful skin a healthy color, without defects and venous transmission grid. In addition, until now in fashion all year round to be tanned, so some women are so fond of sunbathing topless on the beach and in the solarium.
But. Only a small amount of sunlight is useful to the body, and then - at the right time in the morning to 11:00 pm and in the afternoon after 17:00. The time when the sun is at its zenith, as too long a stay under it, it is dangerous for the development of breast cancer and other diseases. The same consequences can be from the solarium.
To keep breasts healthy and beautiful, limit sun time, and cover your chest, or use a sunscreen with an SPF of 50 or higher.
Holds monthly self-examination
Self-examination should be done once a month at the beginning of the cycle, that is, in the first week after menstruation, or a specific day of the month during menopause. This should be done before the mirror, stripped to the waist.
1 step. Visual inspection. Make sure that:
Mammary glands are identical in shape and size (allowed natural asymmetry). If one of them has changed a lot - it is an occasion to address to mammologist.
Nipples are arranged symmetrically, normal appearance, is not involved.
The skin of breast, nipple and areola - smooth, without redness and seals. Wake-up call to become skin, reminiscent of lemon peel.
Venous pattern unchanged.
Step 2. Rate mobility and change breast contours when driving. To do this, lean forward and place your hands on her hips. Then he straightened up and slide his hands behind his head. The chest should move smoothly, easily, without sagging in the circuits.
Step 3. Check for discharge from the nipple. To do this, squeeze their thumb and forefinger.
Step 4. Raise your right arm and left thoroughly palpate the right breast. Move from armpit counterclockwise and look for swelling, seal assemblies. The same repeat with the left breast.
Step 5. Lie on your back (in this position the breast becomes maximally flat) and palpate her again, moving from the edge to the center.
6 step. Also, in the supine position, check to see if the lymph nodes in the armpits increased.
Any change to immediately contact mammologist, but do not worry ahead of time. In order to detect and prove breast disease, a simple probing enough, need special diagnostics. Even if you find any disease (and cancer - is not the only thing that threatens the breast), if to begin treatment in the early stages, most fully cured.
Regularly go to the doctor
Observation in mammalogy should be systematic rather than one-off treatment because of pain, discomfort or obvious changes in the breast.
Every woman up to 55 years must attend mammalogy every six months, and once a year - after 55 years, even if it did not bother. It is important to timely discover and begin to treat dangerous diseases.
There are women who are at risk for breast disease is:
Those who in the past have been in the past breast disease (both malignant and benign);
- With a genetic predisposition (the closest relatives who had breast diseases, both malignant and benign);
- Gynecological diseases: uterine myoma, ovarian tumors, endometriosis;
- Taking combined oral contraceptives;
- Women who are to hormone replacement therapy.
Make regular ultrasound and mammography
These are the two most common procedures are regularly held recommend women to avoid breast disease.
Breast ultrasound and lymph nodes can detect pathological changes in the mammary glands and nodes still in the early stages. The method is safe and effective, it can diagnose the breast, fibroadenoma, mastitis, abscesses, cysts, and malignancies.
In some cases, ultrasound allows not only to detect early signs of disease, but also to understand the causes of changes. In the procedure there are no contraindications, so it is recommended to take place at the same frequency as the visit of mammalogy: every six months - up to 55 patients, and once a year - and after.
Mammography is performed using X-ray apparatus. This is one of the main methods of diagnosis of breast diseases, including breast cancer.
Mammography effective than ultrasound - research may show changes in the breast before long as the woman herself feel that is not healthy.
To conduct the study should be once a year, since 40 years, and before that age - only on doctor's advice.