"Broken heart syndrome" or cardiomyopathy is a disease with the same symptoms as that of a heart attack. However, the mortality rate of it is very low, and usually it affects only women.
Despite its poetic name, Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, also known as "broken heart syndrome" or stress cardiomyopathy, is often due to the emotional impact of high intensity or even a stressful situation.
For the first time the disease was described in Japan in the 1990s.
People who suffer from it, are in full confidence that they are experiencing a heart attack.
In fact, doctors often employ the same protocol in order to provide assistance as soon as possible. However, when appropriate tests are done, it found a curious thing.
The heart was deformed. This is a slight reduction in the left ventricle, which gives the heart the form of a cone. Seeing this, the Japanese doctors recalled devices, which fishermen hunting for octopuses.
Hence the name: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (takotsubo in Japanese, it's a trap for octopus).
Thus, we are faced with a phenomenon that affects many more people than we think. You should be aware of its symptoms and also to understand how to prevent this type of heart disease.
"Broken heart syndrome" - a type of cardiomyopathy, which was first described just over twenty years ago. The fact that he has only recently appeared in the medical journals, does not mean that it did not previously exist.
The fact that, due to the fact that it is accompanied by the same symptoms as a heart attack, this syndrome is considered more "first bell" infarct.
However, after the new types of diagnostic tests have been developed, physicians understood that deal with something else.
In the medical journal The New England Journal interesting study was published in 2015 which explains the basic characteristics of cardiomyopathy.
Here they are:
People suffering from cardiomyopathy is usually discharged from the hospital in a week, and they do not understand what happened to them.
They experienced the same symptoms as a heart attack, but the survey was not detected a blood clot that blocks the artery.
In fact, this is a temporary disorder. When we experience emotional impact, our body increases production of certain hormones, such as adrenaline.
Excessive increase adrenaline influences the cardiac muscle, but not the coronary arteries.
As a result of this impact, the left ventricle at some time becomes a conical shape.
In this case, the person feels a lot of pressure and pain in the chest, shortness of breath, dizziness, cold sweat.
How can I prevent the "broken heart syndrome?
As we mentioned at the beginning, this syndrome affects more than women.
Dr. Ilan Shor Vitshteyn from Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore (USA) is one of the leading experts in this field.
According to his study, published in the above release ?The New England Journal?, women who have reached menopause are at increased risk of developing cardiomyopathy.
A temporary increase of epinephrine and norepinephrine in the blood after an emotional impact, acting as a sort of "poison" for the heart. And more often it occurs in women.
Studies have shown that this is a temporary increase in the level of catecholamines (adrenaline and similar substances) attacks the heart muscle, but not the cells themselves. Thus, to avoid this syndrome, we should consider the following tips.
1. After menopause, should learn how to keep stress under control
Hormones, throughout the life cycle of women, allow us to be much more resistant to a situation of stress and anxiety. However, with the onset of menopause, everything changes, and you have to learn how to apply new strategies.
It is clear that no one is safe from the bad news and disappointments.
However, we can "train" our mind and body so that no hardships of life could not break us.
Dedicate 2 hours a day to myself, walk, meditate, promptly solve any trouble in such a way that it does not become a big problem.
2. 30 minutes of exercise a day
Our goal is to make the muscles of the heart muscles stronger and more resilient. To do this, there is nothing better than a little bit of aerobic exercise.
You can walk, go out dancing, swimming
3. Support Groups: friendship and getting rid of negative emotions
True friendship is the best medicine for the heart. We need someone with whom we can be sincere, to whom we can speak out and relieve tension.
Know that we understand and support the hearing, it is of vital importance for peace of mind.
4. Proper nutrition and healthy habits
In regard to the prevention of the syndrome of a broken heart, no doubt, their emotions control are one of the key factors.
However, to ensure that our heart quickly restored after a failure, we need to invest in their health.
Eat more fresh fruits and vegetables, especially the red, purple or orange. They contain the highest amounts of antioxidants and help take care of the heart.
5. Take care of yourself: the importance of regular checkups
Of course, your family is the most important for you. You think every day and take care of them, do everything you can to make them happy.
However, remember that if you do not take care of yourself, you can take them at any time.
Do not forget about the regular medical examination. Control your cholesterol, blood pressure, weight, blood sugar
All these are important indicators of the health of our heart. Think more about themselves, reduce your pace of life, if it's in tune with your heart.