According to statistics, endometrial cancer occurs in every cell of women, and most often after menopause.
This is a very common type of cancer on the part of the gynecology, and yet not with the highest percentage of deaths.
And, as with other types of cancer, the chances of a long life is significantly increased in early diagnosis of the disease.
Although today is still not known exactly what causes the development, there is a possibility of endometrial cancer that is associated with the constant changes in the level of estrogen in the body, which, in turn, promotes the growth of malignant cells in the lining of the uterus.
To better understand how it begins and progresses the disease, it is necessary to understand how arranged the uterus.
1. Uterus and its transformation during menstrual cycle.
The uterus is part of the female reproductive system in which the developing fetus during pregnancy, and it consists of two parts: the cervix (the lower part of connecting to the vagina) and the main body (the upper part).
The body of the uterus, in turn, has two layers: an inner layer comprising a mucosa, known as the endometrium. External called myometrium.
During our menstrual cycle, the endometrium under the influence of hormones undergoes certain changes.
For example, at the time of ovulation, estrogen is released, making it much thicker endometrium, so that in case of pregnancy had the opportunity to nourish the fetus.
When ovulation is over, all the excess excreted from the body (menstruation occurs).
This is the case throughout the entire period of our lives when we are able to bear children, before the onset of menopause.
But in the interval between 50 and 60 years, when it is (or has occurred) menopause can begin to form carcinomas and sarcomas. That is, the risk of cell growth and malignant uterine mucosa is greatly increased.
2. Overweight and high blood pressure are two important factors
As we mentioned earlier in this article, yet it is impossible to say with precision today that causes changes in the endometrial tissue in which the cancer cells begin to form inside the uterus.
But despite this, experts cite several factors that can lead to these changes, namely obesity, excess weight and high blood pressure.
Fat tissue, which accumulate in the body, increasing the risk of higher cholesterol levels, and then violated, and metabolism, as a result, produces an excessive amount of estrogen.
This affects the connective tissue in the mammary glands, vagina and uterine endometrium state leads to changes in which the risk of cancer increases dramatically.
Of course, we can not speak of a direct link between obesity and cancer. However, the chance to avoid health problems, including such serious, as oncology, much higher if monitor their weight.
3. Tamoxifen (a drug against breast cancer) may increase the risk of endometrial cancer
Another risk factor that should be taken into account concerns of all women who have experienced breast cancer and treated by taking a drug called tamoxifen.
Receiving this medication may lead to changes in hormonal levels in the body, which then will cause structural changes in the uterus.
But in spite of this danger, doctors are advised to just pass the regular examination by a gynecologist. Inform him about any symptoms, especially of vaginal secretions.
4. Symptoms You Need To Know
Bleeding after menopause or bleeding between periods (as long as it has not yet stopped).
A strong and often recurrent abdominal pain.
Pressure and tingling in the pelvis, or lower back.
Severe pain during intercourse.
5. Prevention and regular checkups
There is one more thing to consider: as endometrial cancer, "born" inside the uterus, sometimes, especially in the early stages, the Pap smear may show a negative result.
Therefore it is always advisable to do a biopsy and even intrauterine tissues.
You can also supplement the examination by transvaginal ultrasound to be sure for certain.
If you have a family someone has been cancer cases on the part of gynecology, it is advisable to inform your doctor. Also do not forget about regular checkups and preventive measures.
It should be emphasized that although endometrial cancer treated successfully enough, more importantly, to identify the disease at an early stage.
Try to maintain a healthy lifestyle and regularly visit a gynecologist.