For many of us the night of 6 January 7 - the most long-awaited winter holiday. On Christmas Eve the whole family gathers together, master of the house lights a candle, and when the first star lights up in the sky, all sit at the table. January 6 - The last day of fasting among Orthodox Christians. For forty days the faithful abstain from food of animal origin. Fish is allowed on holidays.
According to the custom, from the food on Christmas Eve refuse to the dinner. So on Svyatvecher table should be varied, hearty, and most importantly - lean. Traditionally, the menu consists of twelve dishes. Why this number? Firstly, the number of the apostles, the disciples of Christ, and secondly, many months each year. Christmas Eve is a constant attribute kutia - cooked porridge with dried fruits, so it is necessary to start a meal with her.
Dishes for Christmas should be not only delicious, but also meatless!
The mistake would be to offer guests the eggs, sausages, dishes of goose and chicken. They put on the table the next evening, and on 6 January in the course of light salads, baked carp, stuffed with mushrooms, nuts and fruits. These dishes are symbolic value: a fish in ancient times was a sign of Christ, cabbage is associated with simplicity and stability, honey - with purity. Here are some recipes which meatless Christmas dinner will not be boring!
The main dish of the evening. With this sweet porridge begins Christmas meal. As a rule, the basis of dishes - it's wheat or barley. But it is not necessary to use these cereals, because you can always choose the other. One of the tastiest varieties kuti - rice.
Rice - 250 g
Mac 100 g
Walnuts - 100 g
Honey - 2-3 tablespoons
Raisins, dried apricots (optional) - 50 g
Sugar - to taste
Rinse the rice under running water. Fill it with half a liter of boiling water and close the pot. Boil barley three minutes on high heat, five - on average, three more - to a minimum. In the last step, add the sugar and a pinch of salt. Allow the rice for 10-15 minutes. From nuts, remove the core, chop it with a knife and sprinkle in a rump. Wash and boil the raisins, Decant water and add dried fruit to kute. Fill with honey and poppy seeds. For savory food can add a little jam or canned fruit.
Classic Christmas snack can be modified by adding a salad of corn and spicy sauce. In this recipe, no potatoes, but there are legumes. At their expense vinaigrette obtained low-calorie, but quickly satisfies hunger and gives strength.
Beet (large) - 1 piece.
Beans - 150 g
Canned corn - 150 g
Fresh frozen peas - 100 g
Sauerkraut - 200 g
Green onions - 1 bunch
Greens - 1 bunch
Lemon - 1 pc.
Olive oil - 2 tbsp
Soy sauce - 2 tbsp
The day before cooking pour beans in cold water. In the morning put in a pressure cooker, add water and salt and cook for 45 minutes. Wash the lemon first running water, then boiling water, allow to dry and remove the peel. From one half squeeze the juice. Mix it with zest, olive oil and soy sauce. Boil the beets until tender. Also vegetable can be baked in the oven for 45 minutes at a temperature of 190-200 degrees. Allow beets to cool.
Cut it into cubes and season with olive oil. It forms a thin film, and will not stain beet all ingredients red juice. Peas pour water doveditedo a boil and boil for 2-3 minutes. With the cabbage and corn, drain the liquid. Slice the green onions. Put all ingredients in a deep plate, season them and mix the sauce. A la carte dishes can be decorated with a sprig of parsley or dill.
Meatless cabbage rolls
This is a traditional Slavic cuisine dish prepared with minced meat. But diet stuffed with mushrooms and vegetables - no less delicious. To verify this, prepare for Christmas nonstandard hot dish. Its feature - a special tomato sauce.
The leaves of cabbage - 400 g
Rice - 120 g
Onions 1 piece.
Dried porcini mushrooms - 50 grams
Flour - 20 g
Tomato paste - 50 ml
Vegetable oil - 1 tbsp
Salt and pepper - to taste
Mushroom soup - to taste
Mushrooms soak in milk or water for 1-2 hours. Cook them in the same broth 20 minutes. Figure rinse, cover with cold salted water and boil for quarter of an hour over low heat. Brown the onion and chop in the pan. Mix all ingredients, add the seasonings. Cabbage cook for 10 minutes, let cool, cut the bulge at the base of the leaf.
On each sheet lay out a lot of mushrooms and rice, wrap envelope. To prepare the filling, fry the flour in vegetable oil, mixed with broth and put on medium heat. After 2-3 minutes add the tomato paste and boil the mixture for 5 minutes. Fry the stuffed cabbage in a pan, put in a saucepan and season sauce. Simmer 40-50 minutes.
Dumplings with potatoes and cabbage
This dish is often adorned with festive table of our ancestors. And all thanks to compliance with the canons of fasting and the variety of toppings! Who among us did not throw the diet for dumplings with cherries in sour cream? However, the good and savory fillings. Some of the most popular - potatoes and cabbage.
Wheat meal - 900 g
Potatoes - 500 g
Eggs - 2 pcs.
Mushrooms - 500 g
Onions - 250 g
Vegetable oil - 4 tbsp
Salt and ground pepper - to taste
Remove the peel the potatoes, wash and cook for 20-25 minutes in salted water. Make sure the vegetables were always covered with liquid. Drain the broth in a separate pot, potatoes cool and mash into a puree. Onions and Mushrooms wash, chop, fry in vegetable oil. Stir the salt and pepper. Mix the potatoes, mushrooms and onions.
If necessary, add seasoning to the workpiece. While it cools down, grab the dough. Knead it into several stages. To one portion need 450gramm flour, 1 egg and 250 ml of potato decoction room temperature. Mix the ingredients until smooth, form a loaf of dough and place it in the refrigerator.
The second part of the test is done in the same way. From the dough, cut strip, roll her "sausage" and divide it into several pieces. Roll each into a pancake. In the center, place a spoonful of filling and join the edges. Because so many ingredients can be shaped dumplings 65-70. Fill them with water, let it boil and simmer for another 7-8 minutes.
Advent introduces a ban on animal flesh. But it is always possible to replace the gifts of the seas and rivers, because fish and juicy vegetables - it's such a yummy! As a main dish for Christmas often appears baked or fried carp. It is better to buy chilled or live form. Frozen fish loses not only in taste, but also beneficial properties.
Carp - 1 pc. (15-2kg)
Mushrooms - 500 g
Onions - 2 pcs.
Carrots - 1 pc.
Lemon - 1 pc.
Sour Cream 20-25% - 100 ml
Vegetable oil - 1-2 tablespoons
Seasonings for fish, salt - to taste
Remove the scales and entrails of fish. The gills, head, fins and tail can be left. Rinse the carcass and rub it with a slice of fresh lemon, salt and spices. Give fish marinated. Slice the onions and mushrooms and finely grate the carrots. In vegetable oil porumyante onion 5 minutes, add to it the mushrooms and carrots.
Lightly fry the whole mass, without putting the lid on the pan. Fill her belly fish. Sew it or fasten with toothpicks. On the carp back at regular intervals make a few incisions and insert the thin rings of lemon. Grease carp with sour cream. Cover the baking tray with parchment paper and gently shift the fish.
Bake plate about an hour at 180 degrees. Twice during this time, remove the dish from the oven and re-lubricate the sour cream. Ready carp leave for 10-15 minutes in the oven. Cut the abdomen and place the fish on a platter. Serve carp with assorted vegetables, canned corn, fresh lemons.
Sweet compote was one of the most popular beverages in Russia. He cooked like fresh fruit and berries, as well as from the dried fruit. On the Christmas table, he took the place of wine. To prepare this drink is very easy, but the process it takes 5-6 hours of infusion. But the time spent will be repaid with interest - fragrant uzvar will appeal to kids and adults!
Dried Pears - 100g
Dried apples - 100 g
Dried Cherries - 100 g
Dried Plums - 100 g
Raisins - 50 g
Sugar - 100 g
Rinse the fruit under running water and place them in a saucepan. Pour a liter of water, let it brew for 10 minutes, add sugar and bring to a boil. Remove from heat and leave for 5-6 hours. Strain and serve. Optionally, you can sweeten the drink honey. To diversify the usual recipe will add hawthorn berries, apricots with stones, rose. They contain a variety of vitamins and minerals needed during fasting.
Honey apples and nuts
This dessert proves that sweetness can be useful! After all, apples are a real storehouse of vitamins, honey contains beneficial enzymes for digestion. Nuts embody a mix of micronutrients we need. Not a dish and find! Despite the seductive aroma and rich taste, it is lean.
Apples - 7-8 pcs.
Raisins - 150 g
Honey - 50 ml
Peeled walnuts - 200 g
Ground cinnamon - to taste
Sugar - to taste
Apples Wash. Dry, cut "hat", remove the pulp of the fruit. Chop the walnuts, mix with raisins and honey. If desired sprinkle in a pinch of sugar and cinnamon. Pour the filling into the apples and cover the tip of the fruit. Cook in the microwave for 2-3 minutes on full power, or 20-25 minutes in the oven at 180 degrees.