No one other drinks did not go so much controversy as an absinthe - it declared the cure for all ills, that terrible poison.
Absinthe - the strong alcoholic drink made from the traditional bar card and at the same time the most mysterious. An important component of absinthe - an extract of bitter wormwood, in essential oils which contains a large number of unexplored substance - thujone.
So called alkaloid, the effect of which the person is different special conditions, including mild euphoria and brain stimulation.
Due to the characteristic color of absinthe was given the nickname "The Green Fairy". However, no one other drinks did not go so much controversy as an absinthe - it declared the cure for all ills, that terrible poison.
Many researchers believe that absinthe was first introduced in Switzerland in the late 18th century. The infusion came up with a similar composition Enrio sisters, engaged in the manufacture of medicinal potions.
The drink contains chamomile, fennel, coriander, hyssop, parsley root, lemon balm, tarragon and spinach. Later, the businessman bought Henri Dyube secret drink recipe and established its mass production with the help of his friend Henri-Louis Pernod in 1798.
Implementation of absinthe went well, which is why it became necessary to open a new plant in 1805 which subsequently became a major center of production of the drink, the plant was named "Pernod". Until now, absinthe is produced under this brand.
The remedy for all diseases
The popularity of absinthe has increased dramatically during the French colonial wars in North Africa. The military were given a certain amount of absinthe for prevention of malaria, dysentery and other diseases, as well as for the disinfection of drinking water.
Absinthe has been so effective that it has become firmly established in the army life from Madagascar to Indo-China. Absinthe drink all segments of the population - this was the cause of its decline.
Madness in the bottle
The more affordable the absinthe, the worse it was quality. Chasing a dubious kind of tincture started in all French colonies. Accordingly grew and the number of alcoholic insanity that the French dubbed ?le cafard?.
Hospitals were filled with Absinthe schizophrenics, and the newspapers were full of headlines that absinthe - the poison. As a result of this powerful information confrontation absinthe stopped being a drink of the aristocracy, but its more mundane lovers have not gone away.
People's anger has reached a critical point in 1905 when a Swiss worker Jean Lafrey killed his wife and daughters after Absinthe binge. The petition to ban absinthe has collected more than one million signatures and was the beginning of a massive attack on the production of absinthe.
Absinthe in art.
The list of artists who have found inspiration in absinthe is extensive. It includes Pablo Picasso, Vincent Van Gogh, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Edouard Manet, Edgar Degas and many others. Oscar Wilde was an enthusiast of absinthe, and a picture of Edgar Degas' absinthe lovers "became the banner of struggle with Absinthe addiction.
Despite the fact that absinthe was persecuted, its production remained stable at a high level. This was due to the decline of wine industry in the late 19th century and the rise in price of wine.
Absinthe is, in turn, was cheaper and more effective product - it is natural that the sympathy of the lower classes entirely belonged to this drink.
Absinthe was banned in Belgium in 1905 in Switzerland and the Netherlands in 1910 and in France in 1915. However, absinthe never banned in Spain, which until the lifting of the ban the drink remained the main supplier to the European market in 1960.
Harmful if absinthe actually
The reality is that even the traditional absinthe is no more dangerous than other types of alcohol, when properly distilled.
There are three main vegetable ingredient present in the drink: wormwood, green anise and sweet fennel. The herbs are combined in advance, and then insist on alcohol.
Followed by distillation and filtration are not necessary, but often characteristic of the low-quality drinks.