Casual attitude towards their health in cold weather can lead to unpleasant consequences. Internists and cardiologists have prepared recommendations on how to protect health in the cold, it is better to wear before going out, how to eat and what preventive measures to take cores to avoid exacerbation of the disease.
Clothes - for the weather
Clothing should be light, compact, made of natural fabrics and wool. It is advisable to dress in several layers instead of one or two, that will create the necessary air space, will retain heat. Two thin sweater will warm better than one thick. Experts say that the lack of a hat takes 30% of your heat.
Shoes should be dry and free, so that is not compromised blood circulation of feet. It is advisable to put on wool socks, if not, you can use two pairs of cotton.
And the flu and the common cold usually begin with hypothermia, but they can also trigger circulatory problems provoked by tight shoes or high heels, the doctor said Victoria Savitskaya.
Influenza and SARS, which are often confused - are two completely different diseases that occur in different ways and manifest, but that, and another, usually starts with hypothermia. Because you should always dress for the weather and it is desirable to cover the vulnerable areas - the head, ears, neck, etc. But the most important detail in the wardrobe is a cold shoe.
"The feet should always be warm, and the purchase of shoes in the first place should pay attention to comfort her, she should not push your fingers and squeeze in the ankle or shin, because in violation of the circulatory system becomes more vulnerable and less warmed. It is advisable not to wear high heels in the cold for the same reason, especially if you have to spend all day at work, do not pereobuvayas. By the way, students need to take with a removable shoes and change shoes, going to class, to avoid extreme temperatures. In addition, such a habit will be very useful in rainy weather, "- said the expert.
Do not also buy the children warm shoes are not in size, to have enough for two more seasons (leg something older). Many parents are trying to save in such a way, considering that you can go to school, and in a slightly largish shoes, change clothes and then something more comfortable. But the problem is that too loose shoes leaves a lot of space for cold air, and the child's body is enough for 15 minutes to pick up the disease.
If you still frostbitten, frostbitten areas of the body that can not be quickly heated, for example, the right to substitute the fingers under the hot water. In no case do not rub vigorously recommended the damaged area, especially with snow as advised some online sources. It is best to place the affected part of the body in the warm water, and slowly, about half an hour, it is heated and then wipe clean and apply a bandage.
No need to believe the popular myth that alcohol, "neutralizes" the cold helps keep warm. In fact it is not so. It warms the cold did not drink, and its property to expand the blood vessels. As a result, the body loses heat quickly, automatically, the reverse effect - the body begins to freeze. Transmitting heat the skin, the body takes it from the internal organs. To keep warm in cold alcohol, naturally have to increase the dose. And such a "strategy" threatens the strong intoxication and poisoning, which can lead to tragic consequences. Intoxication in the frost - a common cause of death from hypothermia. Before you leave home, eat something hot, drink a cup of tea.
In the cold, try not to stand and move, especially when waiting at a bus stop. Breathe in the cold should be slow, shallow and preferably a nose. Our nasal cavity is designed so that when the air reaches the bronchi and lungs, he has time to warm up.
Coming in from the cold back home, do not drink hot tea immediately and do not take a hot shower. a significant load on the cardiovascular system can occur when a sharp change in temperature. The organism must for 20-30 minutes smoothly adjust to room temperature.
That's right, eat balanced. Healthy foods give energy to the body, help him cope with the effects of severe frosts.
High atmospheric pressure causes headaches
For high atmospheric pressure is undesirable cold temperature. Because in this case, the oxygen content of air increases, which is why humans increases blood pressure and increases blood flow. In this situation, I feel bad not only high blood pressure, but also healthy people.
Doctors recommend that people with chronic diseases, under conditions of high atmospheric pressure less be on the street. If you need to leave the room, then, according to doctors, should be pre-meal, so that the body is slowly cooled. In addition, it is not necessary to consume soft drinks and alcohol is better to exclude.
If a person suffers from a chronic disease, it is painted therapy, he knows what to do. With the deterioration of the need to consult a doctor. It recommended more carefully control the pressure level (blood) in these days and correct drug dose.
Avoid any physical activity. Hard work does not engage, jogging and going to the gyms to cancel. But in the bed should not lie too as hormones that control blood pressure (lowering it), produced in motion. Walk around the apartment - remove any dust. It will be necessary movement and non-severe work. Be willing to take an extra dose of conventional medicines.
Healthy people may experience headaches and dizziness. In this case, you can take valokordin or put under the tongue validol. They act as vasodilators can therefore alleviate headache condition. Be sure to get enough sleep as it should. Do not reduce the amount of sleep, do not disturb the sleep mode.
Sharp cold - natural factor that increases the likelihood of vascular spasm, which can lead to increased pressure, headache or dizziness. A person that does not have cardiovascular disease, the tone of the vascular wall is maintained in optimum condition and can quickly adapt to environmental change. But in patients with cardiovascular disease vasoconstrictor substances produced in excess, climate and stress can cause vasospasm.
Low temperatures may be accompanied by increased frequency of angina due to blood clots. Because of this, in the cold increases the risk of heart attacks and strokes. Especially dangerous to leave the well-warmed up the room in the cold, you need to stay in a cool little porch to avoid extreme temperatures.
A patient suffering from cardiovascular diseases, it is necessary to check with the doctor what to do with the deterioration of, and always keep the necessary medications on hand. it is necessary to measure blood pressure more often at atmospheric pressure changes. The extreme cold can walk about 30 minutes each day, at the same time be sure to dress warmly and to try a few days not to go out and be limited to cross-ventilation.
There is a misconception that the winter cold you need to eat more fatty foods, since it contains a lot of calories and helps to warm up, but for patients with diseases of the cardiovascular system should not listen to this advice. It is best to limit the intake of fatty foods, and give preference to products containing polyunsaturated fatty acids (marine fish and other seafood, olive oil), antioxidants and vitamins.
Due to heavy snowfall develops endanger people due to large concentrations of snow on the roofs and balconies of houses, roofs of buildings and structures.
In addition, as a result of melting snow on the roofs formed icicles and ice on the roads.
Do not go under the projecting elements of the building structure in order to avoid falling on you a large mass of snow and icicles. This can lead to injury and even death.
Remember that after the thaw, and then the cold snap is always formed ice.
Follow the basic rules of conduct during the ice:
- Try not to go out on the icy road at night and in poor visibility (fog, snow, rain);
- Moving along the sidewalk, try to avoid areas with icing;
- Head for the sand sidewalk areas;
- Try to leave the house early to go gently, slowly;
- When the goods should be available to hang it on one shoulder, so you can easily get rid of it if necessary;
- Be careful when crossing the roadway, remember that during the ice increases vehicle stopping distances;
- Be careful when leaving the bus; at bus stops, due to the braking of vehicles formed ice track.