When a person swallows food, it passes through the esophagus into the stomach. Thus sphincter prevent stomach throwing food back into the esophagus. However, in violation of the sphincter of the stomach contents can get back into the esophagus, causing heartburn. If this symptom occurs more than 2 times a week for 3 weeks, it can be argued about the chronic form of the development of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). If this condition is left untreated, it can lead to cancer development at the injury site of the digestive tract mucous membrane.
Many people with GERD are familiar with the feeling of heartburn and nausea after eating. However, other common symptoms of GERD are also considered: hiccups, belching, wheezing or weak cough, sore throat, voice changes, hoarseness.
Unpleasant symptoms of GERD may be aggravated if the person lies down immediately after eating. Some have also noted increased severity of symptoms during the night. Since GERD is a violation of the digestive system, it is possible to trace a connection between diet and symptoms of this disease. For example, there are products that increase or, conversely, reduce the severity of these symptoms. The former include: meat, oil, and foods high in fat and salt in large quantities, foods rich in calcium (milk, cheese).
Thus, in the course of the study, the results of which were published in ?Gut and Liver? magazine, revealed the relationship between allergies to cow's milk and symptoms of GERD in children. The researchers found that children with allergies to cow's milk are likely to experience symptoms of GERD at the use of this product. To confirm this association in adults more research is needed in this area, but scientists say that if a person is experiencing GERD symptoms regularly after consuming products from cow's milk, it should be excluded from the diet.
Another study, the results of which are presented in the publication ?Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics?, has shown a link between consumption of foods high in cholesterol and symptoms of GERD. It showed that those who used the & shy; lyavshie more cholesterol, saturated fatty acids and calories from fat food, have experienced more severe GERD symptoms than those who followed a healthy diet.
Among the products that are not recommended for use in GERD, isolated chocolate, mint, carbonated drinks, fruit juices, coffee, foods high in acid, such as tomato sauce and others.
A study conducted in 2013 which was attended by more than 500 volunteers, has shown that certain foods can reduce the incidence of GERD symptoms. These include: foods high in protein (tuna, salmon, cashew nuts, almonds, lentils), some fruits (apples, melon, peach, citrus) and vegetables (potatoes), as well as berries, eggs. Increase fiber consumption level is also associated with a decrease in the severity of GERD symptoms.
In addition to dietary changes, food intake in the presence of GERD should include foods rich in probiotics, since the normalization of the microflora of the gastrointestinal tract can help to cope with digestive disorders in general. Furthermore, probiotics help fight bacteria H. p ylori, which is associated with the occurrence of GERD symptoms. Another way to reduce the severity of these symptoms is considered the use of a decoction of the bark of the elm. This product contains a large amount of mucus that coats the throat and stomach, and as a result, can reduce the damage to the intestinal mucosa of stomach acid.
If the correction is not a diet helps to cope with GERD, you can seek help from a doctor for medical treatment of this disease.