Sweat glands in the human body are distributed unevenly. In the armpit, groin, on the palms and the soles of their most. The function of the sweat glands to cool the skin surface due to the water and bring the exchange of products from the body. Human sweat is sterile, but he quickly shatters microorganisms, and as a result there is a smell. Since then, along with the stands of more than 250 kinds of chemical substances, the smell of sweat, every person is different.
Anhidrosis - a disease of the sweat glands, where no perspiration. Acute anhidrosis occur due to dehydration of the body, in cases of poisoning by certain drugs, such as drugs that contain an extract of belladonna. Anhidrosis is an acute disease of the sweat glands, can occur in severe infectious diseases such as cholera. Anhidrosis, and other diseases of the sweat glands is sometimes observed in toxicosis pregnant and as a consequence after radiation sickness. Chronic diseases of the sweat glands, such as their hypoplasia and aplasia lead to chronic forms of anhidrosis. In countries with a hot tropical climate anhidrosis is a common disease of the sweat glands.
The main causes of diseases of the sweat glands, which eliminate the perspiration, are aging and radiation damage to the skin (radiation dermatitis). spinal cord lesions and neuroendocrine disorders in the system also lead to dysplasia and to diseases of the sweat glands. When receiving ganglioblokatorov and holinoblokatorov anhidrosis and other diseases of the sweat glands appear as a temporary side effect of drugs. Hysterical status, especially those arising from the brain stem tumor, may also trigger the sweat glands of the disease, including anhidrosis.
Clinically, the disease sweat glands, such as anhidrosis manifests itself as a lack of perspiration and skin dryness. The remaining organs function redistribute the withdrawal of toxic substances from the body, and because there is an increase in amount of urine may occur disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. Because of autointoxication quite frequent fevers of unknown origin with vomiting and a variety of vasomotor reactions. To confirm the diagnosis produce intradermal injection of histamine, and, if there are to be angidroticheskie disease sweat glands, the skin at the site of injection distorted and ducts of the sweat glands is almost not visible.
Oligogidroz - lack of sweating. It occurs mainly in the elderly and patients with ichthyosis. Depending on the reasons oligogidroz and anhidrosis can be focal and generalized.
Treatment of diseases angidroticheskogo type sweat glands requires first the removal or correction reasons. If anhidrosis is a congenital disease of the sweat glands, it is prescribed only symptomatic therapy. Multivitamin complexes with a high content of retinol and vitamin B12 injections to improve skin condition. Locally applied moisturizing and softening ointment. Patients with anhidrosis contraindicated heavy exercise and stay in hot environments.
Hydradenitis - a disease of the sweat glands, purulent character, which is more common in middle-aged women. The main causes of hidradenitis sup- are impaction gland or follicle, the body's hormonal changes (pregnancy, menopause). Intertrigo, injury and bacterial infection is a predisposing factor for the occurrence of purulent diseases of the sweat glands.
Hydradenitis often localized in the armpits, in the groin and perianal areas. This disease of the sweat glands is clinically manifested as a dense nodule diameter of 0.5 to 3 cm purple-bluish hue. Nodules can be multiple, over time they begin to protrude from the surface of the skin. Since this disease sweat gland is an infectious character, that there may be a rise in temperature, weakness. The affected area sharply painful, Patriotic and bloodshot. This swelling is diffuse in nature, and thus appeared the second name hidradenitis sup- - bitch's udder.
Hidradenitis sup- diagnostics, as well as other diseases of the sweat glands, is based on a careful examination of the patient and on the basis of his complaint. If hydradenitis arose acutely, for example with a long stay in hot, dirty areas, it usually does not recur in the transition to the normal temperature and hygienic regimen, there is self-healing.
For the treatment of inflammatory diseases of the sweat glands apply bactericidal soap processing antiseptics (solutions of iodine, boric acid and salicylic), regular hygiene procedures (except for saunas and baths), antimicrobial ointment such as neomycin and tetracycline.
If local treatment is not enough, the resort to surgical treatment and to receive antimicrobial drugs inside. Antibiotics are generally assigned after examination of the culture and sensitivity of the pathogen to the drugs. To prevent candidiasis during and after treatment is shown receiving fluconazole. Specific immunotherapy with prolonged inflammatory diseases of sweat glands is received gamma globulin.
tuberculosis, rheumatism and other indolent infectious processes, which are characterized by exhaustion. Patients with eczema or psoriasis, sweat gland disease occurs more frequently than those who do not have skin disorders. Thus hyperhidrosis marked as affected areas, and the clinically healthy skin.
Partial hyperhidrosis can be a reflex due to irritation of the olfactory and gustatory nerves when taking spicy food, sometimes as a consequence of inflammatory diseases of the parotid gland. Hyperhidrosis naked - is considered to be a psychological feature, rather than a disorder of sweat glands as sweating in the armpits where sweat flows in streams, only observed in outcrop in full psychologically uncomfortable situation.
Diseases of the sweat glands of the skin to stop sweating is observed in patients with flat feet. Also predispose to this hereditary factors, neglect of personal hygiene, tight uncomfortable shoes, synthetic socks and stockings, wearing shoes made of rubber and synthetic leather. As a result of prolonged exposure to adverse factors on the skin changes its acidic component that contributes to diseases like sweat glands, so fungal diseases and various infections. Sweat is usually plentiful cold, has a sticky consistency and odor that prevents people to lead an active lifestyle. Hyperhidrosis is diagnosed on the basis of examination of the patient and the availability of complaints.
This disease sweat gland requires a comprehensive and long-term treatment. The first step is to limit the amount of fluid intake and start taking a multivitamin. Also prescribers, containing the iron, phosphorus and calcium, sedatives from the group of tranquilizers. In some cases, the reception of atropine shows a powder. Frequent wiping warm and warm unheated fitovanny with infusion of sage have a good effect. Topically applied preparations containing aluminum, boric acid, talc and zinc.
When you stop hyperhidrosis foot baths are recommended with chamomile, oak bark, and then wipe the skin with a solution of potassium permanganate and dried thoroughly with a towel. Procedures should be carried out regularly, but without drying out the skin. Powders with talc, zinc and wearing cotton socks with laying the gauze pads help eliminate unpleasant odor between the fingers and normalize the work of sweat glands. Personal hygiene, washing and drying of the shoe to help patients with diseases of the sweat glands feet feel comfortable and interact in society. If disease sweat glands, which are accompanied by sweating, appear only in the armpits, the electrolysis hair in this area as a by the positive effect of reducing excessive sweating. Also recommended wiping decoction of herbs - oak bark, chamomile, dusting with talc and zinc.
Osmidroz - a disease of the sweat glands, where the sweat gets a fetid smell. Osmidroz closely linked to violations of personal hygiene, menstrual irregularities and violations in the endocrine system. In diseases of the internal organs, when sweat glands take over the function of removing toxins, sweat can get the smell of urine and urea crystals remain on the body. It is necessary to carry out the treatment and correction of the underlying disease and the personal hygiene.
Sudamen - a disease of the sweat glands, accompanied by a rash of small blisters filled with clear or slightly cloudy contents. Affected areas strongly itch and therefore easily macerated. The heat and humidity facilitate the spread of prickly heat. In some countries it becomes epidemic in some seasons. Obesity, exudative diathesis are predisposing factors for this and other diseases of the sweat glands. Children, especially those who are over Kuta and rarely bathed, often suffer from prickly heat. Diagnosis is based on a visual inspection, since the rash elements are located in areas where there is the greatest concentration of sweat glands. In addition there are sweat stains on clothing and the constant moisture of the skin due to sweat.
During treatment, you must first adjust the mode of work and life, to exclude a stay in a hot, stuffy rooms, choose clothes made of natural fabrics, to give up excessive use of soap. Instead, take regular cool showers and baths with chamomile extract and oak bark. When you join secondary infection show adequate antimicrobial therapy.
Chromhidrosis - rarely encountered occupational disease of the sweat glands. Observed in workers who are in contact with the copper, cobalt and other metals. Clinically manifested in the form of colored sweat, often sweat a red tint. Usually chromhidrosis is local, as sweat staining due to the oxidation of the substances contained in the pot when in contact with air. Treatment consists in the removal of harmful factors in the personal hygiene and the use of large amounts of fluid. If necessary, prescribe diuretics.